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Wednesday, September 24, 2014

ENTEROVIRUS TRACKER: RHODE ISLAND, SOUTH CAROLINA NOW MAKE 32 STATES AFFECTED

32 STATES AFFECTED BY ENTEROVIRUS D68 (EV-D68) 


From mid-August to September 24, 2014, a total of 220 people from 32 states were confirmed to have respiratory illness caused by EV-D68. The 30 states are:
Alabama
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
District of Columbia
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Oklahoma
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Utah
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
The cases of EV-D68 infection were confirmed by the CDC or state public health laboratories that notified CDC. So far, all the cases have been among children, except for one adult.
In the upcoming weeks, more states will have confirmed cases of EV-D68 infection.
  • The primary reason for increases in cases is that several states are investigating clusters of people with severe respiratory illness, and specimens are still being tested for EV-D68. It can take a while to test specimens and obtain lab results. That’s because the testing is complex and slower, and can only be done by CDC and a small number of state public health laboratories. As the backlog of specimens is processed, the number of states and confirmed cases will likely increase. These increases will not necessarily reflect changes in real time, or mean that the situation is getting worse.
  • Some of the increase will be from new EV-D68 infections since people are more likely to get infected with enteroviruses in the summer and fall. We are currently in the middle of the enterovirus season.
As investigations progress, we will have a better understanding of the trends for EV-D68 infections.