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Friday, June 22, 2018

The Forgotten Victims: President Trump Listens To Families That Lost Everything To Criminal Illegal Immigrants

Remarks by President Trump and Members of the Angel Families on Immigration

Issued on: June 22, 2018

South Court Auditorium
Eisenhower Executive Office Building

2:40 P.M. EDT

THE PRESIDENT:  Thank you, everybody.  (Applause.)  We actually spent some time together, so I didn’t mind giving you a second “hello.”  Not at all.  We’ve known each other a long time.  We’ve been friends for a long time, from the beginning of the campaign.  And these are special people.





Please, sit down.

Vice President Pence — thank you very much for joining us, Mike.  I also want to recognize Acting Director Homan, who’s leaving us.  He’s been truly a star.  And he’s leaving.  He’s retiring.  But where is Tom?  Is he around here someplace?  Tom.  Stand up, Tom.  (Applause.)  Tom has been doing what he’s doing for 34 years and doing it with strength and dedication.  And you are really outstanding, and your highly recommended replacement is going to do a great job.  We know him well.  He’s going to do really great.  Thank you, Tom, for those years of service.

I also want to thank the incredible ICE Officers, Border Patrol agents, and law enforcement officials who join us here today.  If you could stand up, please.  These people are also special people.  (Applause.)  And they’re good-looking people.  Aren’t they?  Huh?  (Laughter.)  Good-looking people.  Thank you very much for being here and for the bravery.  What you do and what you endure is incredible.

I also want to stand and have the brave men and women from all over government agencies — we have a lot — maybe just raise your hand or stand.  But we really appreciate the job that you’ve done, especially during the last year and a half, because I know you’ve really put in a lot of extra.  So, please.  Thank you very much.  Thank you.  (Applause.)

We’re gathered today to hear directly from the American victims of illegal immigration.  You know, you hear the other side.  You never hear this side.  You don’t know what’s going on.  These are the American citizens permanently separated from their loved ones — the word “permanently” being the word that you have to think about — “permanently.”  They’re not separated for a day or two days.  These are permanently separated, because they were killed by criminal illegal aliens.

These are the families the media ignores.  They don’t talk about them.  Very unfair.  We have to look at everybody.  But this is a very unfair situation.  And I knew that years ago when we would be together out campaigning.  And I said, “If this ever happens, we’re never forgetting you.”  You know that, Laura, everybody.  Incredible people.  And they’re dedicated.

These are the stories that Democrats and people that are weak on immigration, they don’t want to discuss, they don’t want to hear, they don’t want to see, they don’t want to talk about.  No major networks sent cameras to their homes or displayed the images of their incredible loved ones across the nightly news.  They don’t do that.  They don’t talk about the death and destruction caused by people that shouldn’t be here, people that will continuously get into trouble and do bad things.

For years, their pain was met with silence; their plight was met with indifference.  But no more.  I told them three years ago when we were together, from day one — just about day one I would say — I said, “I hear you, I see you, and I will never let you down.”  And we’ve been working together, and their loved ones have not died in vain.  We all know that.

We call these brave Americans the Angel Families — Angel moms, Angel pops.  These are the Angel Families.  Your loss will not have been in vain.  We will secure our borders.  And we will make sure that they’re properly taken care of eventually.  The word will get out.  We’ve got to have a safe country.  We’re going to have a safe country.  And your loved ones are going to be playing and will continue to play a big part in it.  You know that, right?  You know that.

So here are just a few statistics on the human toll of illegal immigration.  According to a 2011 government report, the arrests attached to the criminal alien population included an estimated 25,000 people for homicide, 42,000 for robbery, nearly 70,000 for sex offenses, and nearly 15,000 for kidnapping.

In Texas alone, within the last seven years, more than a quarter million criminal aliens have been arrested and charged with over 600,000 criminal offenses.  You don’t hear that.  I always hear that, “Oh, no, the population is safer than the people that live in the country.”  You’ve heard that, fellas.  Right?  You’ve heard that.  I hear it so much.  And I say, “Is that possible?”  The answer is it’s not true.  You hear it’s like they’re better people than what we have — than our citizens.  It’s not true.

In 2016, more than 15,000 Americans died from a heroin overdose.  More than 90 percent of the heroin comes from across the southern border.  Ninety percent.

As a result of sanctuary city policies, in Fiscal 2017, more than 8,000 criminal aliens — these are really hardcore criminal aliens — were in police custody and were released because of our weak laws.  Weakest in the world.  Weakest in the history of the world.  They were released back into our civilian population.  And these gentlemen had to do some of the releasing, and I don’t think you were too happy when you knew.  Because you knew — they know better than anybody.  You knew what you were releasing.  You knew it was trouble.  And it often comes back to be trouble.

Where is the media outrage over the catch-and-release policies that allow deadly drugs to pour into our country?  Where is the condemnation of the Democrat sanctuary cities that release violent criminals into our communities and then protect them?  Like the Mayor of San Diego, when she warned everybody that ICE is coming, and they scattered.  A big operation.  A very expensive operation.  They were all together.  They all scattered.  And what are they going to do about looking at her, by the way?  I’ve been asking this question now for four weeks.  She can do that?  And where is the outcry over the savage gang MS-13 and its bloodthirsty creed, “Kill, Rape, and Control”?

Because the news media has overlooked their stories, I want the American people to hear directly from these families about the pain they have had to endure, losing not only their loved ones — great people.  Great Americans.  People that would have been very successful.  People that, in some cases, could have been here one day.  Could have been here.  I know the way you feel.  But could have been right here, standing here.

First, I’d like to ask a friend of mine, for now a long time, Laura Wilkerson from Pearland, Texas, to come and share her story about her incredible, incredible boy.  Right?

MS. WILKERSON:  Yes.

THE PRESIDENT:  Come on, Laura.  Just say a few words.

MS. WILKERSON:  We want to tell you a little bit today about Josh.  He was brutally tortured, strangled over and over.  He was set on fire after death.  His last hours were — was brutal.  As everyone standing up here, none of our kids had a minute to say goodbye.  We weren’t lucky enough to be separated for 5 days or 10 days.  We’re separated permanently.  Any time we want to see or be close to our kids, we go to the cemetery, because that’s where they are.  We can never speak to them.  We can’t Skype with them.  And I want to thank you so much, in this room, for what you’re doing to understand — you guys know the permanent separation.  It’s the media that won’t share it with other people.  It’s permanent.  We can never have them back on this Earth.  Thankfully, I’ll see him again in Heaven.

But I want to thank you, Mr. Trump, and Vice President Trump for — I mean, Vice President Pence — for keeping their commitment to us.  It’s been ongoing.  It continues on.  And please understand there are so many more of us than what you see here that have the same story.  Over and over — drunk driving, killed.  Over and over.  And they don’t prosecute, or they’re let go on low bond.  They’re out in 30 days.  It’s sad for our country and it’s time to take it back.

And I want to thank each and every one of you law enforcement.  You know it.  You love it, you want to do your jobs.  And thankfully, we have a President who will allow you to do that now.  Thank you so much.  (Applause.)

THE PRESIDENT:  Thank you, Laura.

Next, I’d like to ask Juan Piña from Greenfield, California to speak.  Juan, please come up.  Thank you.  Thank you, Juan.

MR. PIÑA:  My name is Juan Piña.  First of all, I want to thank the Remembrance Project for bringing my daughter’s name out to light, and for candidate Trump to let me speak about her.  And I’ve got a lot of people that I need to thank.

My daughter was Christy Sue Piña.  Back in 1990, she was kidnapped, strangled, stabbed, raped, and sodomized, and her body was found in an artichoke field.  I’ve been fighting for twenty-eight and a half years.  He’s been fighting.  He was loose for 25.  The last three and a half years he’s been fighting extradition.

And on May 3rd, God answered my prayers and Mexico finally turned him loose to us.  And he is now in the Monterey County Jail and we can start court procedures for my daughter’s death.

And I want to thank everybody that was involved in getting him over here, the sheriff department of Monterey County for the investigator.  The sheriff never told her, “Don’t give up on this.  Just stay on it, and stay on it.”  And she pinky swore that she was going to get him over there, and she did.

And I just want to thank the President and everybody.  And I just hope   everybody can get what I just got.  And I’m out here speaking for the thousands of victims that we have here in the United States.  And I want to thank you all.  Thank you.  (Applause.)

THE PRESIDENT:  So Juan fought for many years, and it’s hard to believe but that’s actually a great feeling.

MR. PIÑA:  Yes, it is.

THE PRESIDENT:  And you just — incredible job.  Incredible job.

Also here with us today is Steve Ronnebeck from Mesa, Arizona.  Steve, if you could come up and share a few words, please.

MR. RONNEBECK:  Thank you, Mr. President.  January 22nd, 2015, Grant was at work on his overnight shift.  An illegal alien came in wanting to buy cigarettes, dumped a jar of change out on the counter.  Grant went to count the change and wasn’t counting fast enough.  So, basically, this man pulled a gun.  Grant did everything he was supposed to do and gave him the cigarettes.  The man went ahead and executed him and shot him point blank in the face.

You know, you don’t hear these stories, and some of our media won’t talk to you about it, but this is permanent separation.  For his birthday, I go to his grave.  For Christmas — we set up a Christmas tree on Grant’s grave.

I received something earlier today from Director Homan; it was a challenge coin.  And I want to thank you for that.  To me this is a sign of integrity.  I wish some of our media had the same integrity as our President, our Vice President, Director Homan, all of you in law enforcement.  I wish some of our media had the same integrity.  And I want to thank all of you, especially our law enforcement, for what you do.

Mr. President and Mr. Vice President, thank you.  Members of VOICE, Barbara Gonzalez, Jon Feere, AVIAC — I want to thank all of them too, because they’re helping get the stories out.  Sixty-three thousand Americans since 9/11 have been killed by illegal aliens.  This isn’t a problem that’s going away; it’s getting bigger.

Thank you.  (Applause.)

THE PRESIDENT:  Sixty-three thousand.  And that number, they say, is very low because things aren’t reported.  Sixty-three thousand.  And you don’t hear about that.

Also here with us today is Michelle Root from Modale, Iowa.  Great place.  Michelle, please come up.

MS. ROOT:  Thank you, Mr. President.  My daughter, Sarah Root, was killed within 24 hours after graduating with a Bachelor’s — 4.0 — in Criminal Investigations.  Out celebrating, stopped at a stoplight, and rear-ended by Edwin Mejia going 70-plus miles an hour.  He was arrested but then he paid a $5,000 bail, and now he has fled.

Our separation, like everybody has said, is permanent.  Sarah never gets to go on to be a wife, a mother, a grandmother, an aunt.  My son does not have his only sibling any longer.  My life has been devastated and so has my daughter’s family and friends.

I want to thank President Trump and Vice President Pence, Barbara Gonzalez, Jon Feere, and Director Homan for all their support.  They have never given up on us.  AVIAC was a group that we started because we were tired of not having anybody else to go to, to get information.  When Sarah was killed January 31st of 2016, I had nobody, but I was thankful for my politicians in my area.  And, you know, President Trump was one of the first ones to reach out to my family, and he has been there from the beginning.  He never left our side.

Now we just need to get my daughter’s killer found.  Again, my separation is permanent.  Sarah is never coming home.  I never get to take a selfie with her again.  I have no more pictures of her.  So, please — thank you guys for everything.  Keep up the great work.  Our police officers, our Border Patrol, please continue to fight.  Thank you.  (Applause.)

MS. MENDOZA:  Thank you.  My name is Maryann Mendoza.  And my son, Sergeant Brandon Mendoza, was killed on May 12th, 2014, on his way home from work by a three-time legal-limit drunk, who was also high on meth.  He had drove over 35 miles the wrong way on four different freeways in Phoenix before slamming head-on into my son’s car.

As you know, they could fill this stage up every day for the next five months of victims of illegal alien crime, and it would just keep going.  Unfortunately, we are members of a club of our children, our loved ones who’ve been killed by illegal aliens, but there’s hundreds of thousands of victims every year who are affected by illegal alien crime — rape, assault, identity theft.

These are things that go unreported, unchecked.  You know, if the public would go to IllegalAlienCrimeReport.com and see the magnitude of crimes being committed against your fellow Americans by illegal aliens allowed to stay in this country, you will be sickened, because the mainstream media does not let you know what’s really happening.

And we are here — the members of AVIAC are here to educate the public as to what’s happening.  And if anybody has been a victim of illegal alien crime, contact us because we have close connections with Barbara Gonzalez at ICE and Jon Feere.  We have connections at the Department of Homeland Security that we are trying to get people the help that they need, and sent in the right direction.

President Trump, Vice President Pence, you’ve just been there for us, and there are no words to describe what your support and your caring has meant to each and every one of us.  And thank you from the bottom of my heart.  (Applause.)

THE PRESIDENT:  Thank you, darling.

Come.  Come.  Your story is incredible.

MS. DURDEN:  I’m one of your legal immigrants.  I came the right way.  I paid lots of money.  It took me five years to become a citizen, a proud citizen.  And I didn’t drag my son — he named himself “German Chocolate”; he was born in Germany — I didn’t drag him over borders, through deserts.  I didn’t place him in harm’s way.

I protected my child from harm, but I couldn’t do that on July 12th, 2012.  He was 30 years old.  I couldn’t protect him because an illegal alien from Guatemala, with two felonies, one deportation, two DUIs — he was protected.  Riverside, California: sanctuary.  The judge, the DA, they knew who he was.  They gave him probation after his second DUI.  Five weeks later, he killed my child.

And if that wasn’t enough to deal with, this is my only child.  I have no family.  That’s it.

The public needs to know, and they deserve to know, that this could happen to each one of you at any given second.  You hug your child, you send them off, no matter what age they are.  And then you get that ugly phone call that will forever change your life.  And thank God our President and Vice President, VOICE, my family at AVIAC, they rallied behind us — they were the only ones — and gave us a little light.

I was going to end my life; I had no purpose.  But President Trump, coming down that escalator that day and talking about illegal immigration, stopped me in my track.  And I had no clue at that point that I would ever be at the White House.  And I thank President Trump, Vice President, everybody behind me — I thank you.  I thank everybody out here.  Make sure you get our stories out.  I brought my son.  This is what I have left — his ashes.  I wear his ashes in a locket.  This is how I get to hug my son.

So remember, when you go and hug your kids, that there are many of us, thousands of us, who don’t get to do that anymore.  And let’s work together and get this done — all politicians.  I don’t care what side you’re on.  You don’t want your child in a casket or in an urn.

So get it together, for God’s sake, for this country, for our citizens.

Thank you.  (Applause.)

MR. TRANCHANT:  My name is Ray Tranchant.  And I retired from the Navy.  I flew off of aircraft carriers and had a great Navy career.  And then I started my family in the ’90s.  I had two little girls, Tessa and Kelsey, and they had a bigger brother, Dylan.  And I raised them — and their mother and her mom is Hispanic, and so Tessa was Hispanic.  And they lived near the border, as well.

Tessa was 16; she was a dreamer, and so was her friend Allie (ph) Kunhardt — 17 years old — 16 years old.  Both beautiful girls.  And they just loved talking about the future.  They went to a Wawa in Virginia Beach to get a pack of gum, and they were stopped at a stoplight, and Alfredo Ramos was driving at 70 miles an hour.  He was three times the legal limit.  He had been arrested before for DUI, in which the judge gave him no time or fines.  He had a fake ID from Florida, bought by the cartels.  He had a fake driver’s license in this car.  And he couldn’t speak English, and he needed an interpreter for the last DUI hearing.  He was also arrested for drunk in public.

Bottom line: As he came in through Mesa and he tried to make it, and he was going — he was three times the legal limit.  So the police told me that, at that, it’s like wearing almost blackout glasses while you’re driving.

When he hit the girls from behind, it was an explosion.  The neighborhood thought a bomb went off.  The girls were almost instantaneously dead.  They worked on Tessa for a while, and I got to see her in the hospital.

Those are the dreamers that the United States should focus on.  I can’t make an opinion about the young people that are here illegally because their parents brought them.  But I can guarantee you the government had nothing to do with that.  And everybody wants to blame, but the parents of those children are to blame.

And there was a lot of, “Well, maybe they’ll feel sorry for them because they’re kids.  And maybe if they behave, they’ll just magically beat the system.”  My mom came from Ireland.  It took her 10 years to get her citizenship.  She had a sponsor.  If she got in trouble, not only did she get in trouble, the sponsor was in trouble.

I would have been speaking Northern Irish right now if she got out of line.  That’s the way it was with INS in those days.  And mom loved being an American.  I helped her study for her exam.

So I’m all about legal immigration.  But the invaders and people who come over our borders and decide to take the law in their own hands, and maybe are supported by a group of people that, for God’s sakes, I don’t know why they would want to do it — it’s evil, it hurts people, and it costs us billions of dollars a year.  And they don’t seem to want to pay for it.  They want us to pay for it, the other taxpayers.

I want to thank President Trump, because when those kids died, I was a city employee, so of course I sued the city and the judge, and the adjoining city with the judge there.  And, of course, they’re immune.

But it didn’t make me really friendly with the city.  It didn’t make me friendly with ICE, because basically they claimed they weren’t called.  The sheriff’s department said that we called them, and it was a back-and-forth.  So no one took responsibility.

So being in that situation, where no one takes responsibility in this government at all means that your standing in a dark forest at night when it’s raining and it’s cold and your lost, everybody you talk to, “Yeah, yeah, yeah, but, you know, he was drunk and we have a lot of drunks here and blah, blah” — let me tell you, the guy shouldn’t have been there at that time.  He shouldn’t have been there.  And we had many opportunities to get him out.

So what’s happening?  Our representative is the President and the Vice President.  They took us in, and we’re going to fight this battle.  And we’re going to win it.  And we’re going to clean it up.  And I’m very proud of that.  I’m very proud to be a part of that.  And I will support you, as law enforcement, and my President and Vice President as much as they need.

I want to thank the Remembrance Project for standing there when I had no one else.  And God bless you, and I hope this doesn’t happen to you.  Thank you.  (Applause.)

THE PRESIDENT:  This is Tom Selleck.  (Laughter.)  Except better looking.  Right?  Better looking.

MS. GIBBONEY:  Thank you.  Thank you.  My name is Angel mom Agnes Gibboney.  My family legally emigrated from Hungary.  We escaped during the revolution.  We couldn’t come to the United States as my mother planned because my father was born in Yugoslavia and they wanted us to stay.  And because my mother said no, they didn’t allow us to come to the American embassy.  We went to — we had the choice of South Africa, Austria, or Brazil.  We went to Brazil and lived there 13 years trying to legally immigrate to the United States.

When we immigrated to Brazil, we were stateless.  We didn’t belong anywhere because the government took our citizenship because we escaped.  And when we came to United States, we were stateless.  And I’m very honored and proud to say this is my home, my country.  And I will fight for this country until my death.

Thank you, law enforcement, Border Patrol, immigration, Barbara, everybody that got me here today.  And thank you for fighting this fight with us.  Because trust me, you don’t want to talk in our shoes.

And, President Trump, thank you for always standing behind us.  You are the biggest birthday present I got, and I’m still waiting for that shovel to help build the wall at the border.  I live in California.

And I would like to ask, if you don’t want your state to become a sanctuary state — so I would like to ask President Trump, if you would tweet and endorse us to FightSanctuaryState.com to help us so we’re not going to go down.  Because if California continues on this path, the rest of the country will follow.

And I am so proud and honored of you, Mr. President.  The integrity and character that you have shown us, pulling the daggers out of your back every day hasn’t been fair.  But I want you to know that I’m very honored to call you my President.  And God bless you and your family always, and Mr. Pence.  And God bless this country.  Thank you so much.  (Applause.)

MR. ROSENBERG:  Thank you.  Thank you, Mr. President.  This is my son, Drew.  He was in law school in San Francisco in 2010 when Roberto Galo tried to make a last-second left-hand turn and hit him.  Instead of stopping, he tried to flee.  So he accelerated, drove over his body.  My son was on a motorcycle.  His helmet came off, wedged under one of his tires.  He backed up, driving over him a second time, and then trying to get away, went forward.  By that time, a guy had gotten out of the car and stood in front of Galo.  And he stopped with his rear tire on my son’s abdomen.  And five people had to lift the car off of him.

But I want to talk about somebody else.  And you heard Agnes mention FightSanctuaryState.com.  In April of this year, I filed with the state of California an initiative to overturn the sanctuary state.  There’s just way too many deaths, way too many traffic collisions.

I should just add, on an aside, we gave out driver’s licenses in 2015.  And in two years — the first two years of that — traffic fatalities on what was supposed to be safer roads have gone up 19 percent.  Hit-and-runs have gone up 26 percent.  Yet, they’re still telling people the roads are safer because of that.

But there’s so many other — and then, somebody who is not here, a woman named Veronica Cabrera Ramirez — to give you an example of what happens with sanctuary — she was a domestic violence victim.  Called the Santa Rosa police.  They arrested the perpetrator.  He had been deported previously.  ICE filed a detainer.  And then, the day that they decided to release him, instead of calling ICE and giving ICE a chance to show up — they were an hour and a half away — they gave them 16 minutes to show up and they released him.  And 16 days later, he murdered Ms. Ramirez.

And according to Kevin de León, who was the author of the sanctuary bill, that makes the state safer — if you keep the federal police, the federal law enforcement over here, and you keep the state law enforcement here, that makes the state safer.  That’s absurd.  It’s outrageous.  And something has to be done and I hope that — as Agnes said, if we don’t kill this in California, it will spread.  And I know it already is in some places.  It’s a death sentence for American law-abiding citizens.

Anyway, I’d like to thank the President and the Vice President, and everybody else who is here.  Director Homan, thank you so much.  You’ve become an incredible friend.  Jon Feere, Barbara Gonzalez, and, my new friend today, Kirstjen Nielsen.  (Laughs.)  Anyway, thank you all very much, particularly law enforcement.  (Applause.)

THE PRESIDENT:  And I just said, “Would you like to speak?”  And you said, “No, I cry too…” — she said, “I’ve been crying for too long, for too much.”  So, that’s fine.  Right?

PARTICIPANT:  Yes.

THE PRESIDENT:  That’s good.  Well, I just want to thank everybody for being here.  I know these families.  I know many more families that have gone through the same thing.  And I cannot imagine it being any worse, but we pledge to act with strength and with resolve, and in the memory of those who have been lost so needlessly.

And it’s because of families like yours, that my administration created the new office of DHS — the Victims of Immigrant Crime Engagement — which has been doing, I hear, a fantastic job.  We call it “VOICE” so that your voices can be heard.

Today, we have released the first VOICE report.  Within the first months of VOICE, we’ve opened more than 2,800 victims registered to receive information on their perpetrator.  We’re following these people.  We’re following them so it can’t happen again by that individual.

VOICE assisted hundreds of families already, connected them to crucial services such as grief counseling, followed up their cases, and helped ensure that the criminal aliens that harmed their families so egregiously were detained, removed, and deported.

Our first duty, and our highest loyalty, is to the citizens of the United States.  We want safety in our country.  We want border security.  We don’t want people in our country that don’t go through a process.  We want people in our country based on merit.  Not based on a draw, where other countries put their absolute worst in a bin and they start drawing people.  Do you think they’re going to put their good ones?  They don’t put their good ones.  They put their bad ones.  And then, when they commit crimes, we’re so surprised.

We will not rest until our border is secure, our citizens are safe, and we finally end the immigration crisis once and for all.  We want safety in our country.  We want strong borders.  We want people to come in, but we want them to come in the proper way.  So thank you all for being here.  These are incredible families, incredible people.  Your loved ones have not died in vain.  Much of what we’re doing today is because of what you’ve had to endure.

And we just thank you all very much for being here.  And God bless you all.  Thank you.  Thank you.  Thanks very much.  (Applause.)  Thank you, everybody.

Thursday, June 21, 2018

President Trump Calls Out Democrats (Schumer, Pelosi, Clinton) For Human Trafficking / Child Trafficking At Our Southern Borders

President Trump Calls Out Democrats (Schumer, Pelosi, Clinton) For Human Trafficking / Child Trafficking At Our Southern Borders

Issued on: June 21, 2018
Cabinet Room

11:55 A.M. EDT

THE PRESIDENT:  Hello, everybody.  Thank you very much for being here.  It’s a Cabinet meeting, and we have plenty of things to discuss and plenty of success.  We’ve had a tremendous amount of success.

We’re working, however, right now on immigration, which has been going on for many years.  We have come up with a lot of solutions, but we have Democrats that don’t want to approve anything because that’s probably, they think, bad for the election that’s coming up.  Unfortunately, there are a lot of people suffering, and that’s unfortunate.

Unrelated, and before we get into that, the new employment claims recently out just yesterday show that we have the lowest level in nearly a half a century.  That’s something that is an incredible statistic.  And in half a century.  That’s a long time.

And the economy is booming.  It’s doing really well.  We’re renegotiating trade deals.  We’re doing very well on those trade deals.  It’s taking a little period of time.  We put tariffs on certain countries and certain industries where it’s been very unfair to the United States.  Our Treasury has taken in billions of dollars.  And these other countries are coming along that have not treated us well, and they are negotiating very vigorously.  And lots of good things are happening.

This should have been taken care of a long time before my administration came into being.  But for some reason, for 25, 30 years, nobody ever looked at trade deals.  They’re out of control, how bad they are.  But we’re going them very good.  And we’re going to make them fair for both countries — for our country and for whichever country we’re dealing with.  And there are plenty of them because they’re all bad.  There’s nothing good.

My administration is also acting swiftly to address the illegal immigration crisis on the southern border.  Loopholes in our immigration laws, all supported by extremist, open-border Democrats — and that’s what they are.  They’re extremist, open-border Democrats.  If you look at Nancy Pelosi and you look at Chuck Schumer, you’ll see tapes where they wanted to have borders — they needed borders for security — just a short while ago.  A number of years ago, I see Chuck Schumer — “We must have borders.”  Hillary Clinton — “We must have borders.  If people penetrate our borders, we must get them out of our country.”  Now, all of a sudden, they’re big open-border people.  It’s a whole big con job.  In the meantime, people are suffering because of the Democrats.

So we’ve created, and they’ve created, and they’ve let it happen — a massive child-smuggling industry.  That’s exactly what it’s become.  Traffickers — if you think about this — human traffickers are making a fortune.  It’s a disgrace.

These loopholes force the release of alien families and minors into the country when they illegally cross the border.  Since 2014 alone, nearly 200,000 unaccompanied alien minors have been released into the United States as a result of Democrat-backed loopholes, including catch-and-release, which is one of the worst.  You catch them, and then you release them.  Might as well save your time.  Don’t bother catching them.  And this is what we’re stuck with.  They’re the worst immigration laws in the history of the world.  The whole world is laughing at the United States, and they have been for years.

These alien minors were separated and sent all the way up here alone.  But they really came up with coyotes.  You know what a coyote is.  Not good.  These are not good people.  They were sent up here with human traffickers because the Democrat-supported policies have allowed this to happen.

Democrats also refuse to fund the personnel, the bed space, the resources that we need to house the minors.  Now, they want us to take care of the minors, and that’s fine.  But they don’t want to give us the money to take care of them.  Because the worse everything looks, they think, the better they’re going to do, with respect to the blue wave.  Which is turning out, frankly, to be a red wave if you look at the polls.  I think we’re going to have a red wave, not a blue wave.

So they want us to take care of bed space, and resources, and personnel, and take everybody.  And, you know, like, let’s run the most luxurious hotel in the world for everybody.  But they don’t want to give us the money.  So you could ask them about that.

We have to house these minors, and we have to house them safely.  And frankly, we have to house them.  And we should be taking good care of them, and then we should return them back home.  That’s what we have to do.

But every time we ask for resources, the Democrats say no.  They say no to everything.  They’re obstructionists.  Because they think that’s good, politically.  I think it’s bad, politically.  For them, I think it’s bad, politically.  We’ll see.

In addition, Democrat and court-ordered loopholes prevent family detention and lead to family separation, no matter how you cut it.  I signed a very good executive order yesterday, but that’s only limited — no matter how you cut it, it leads to separation ultimately.  I’m directing HHS, DHS, and DOJ to work together to keep illegal immigrant families together during the immigration process and to reunite these previously separated groups.

But the only real solution is for Congress to close the catch-and-release loopholes that have fueled the child smuggling industry.  The Democrats are causing tremendous damage, and destruction, and lives by not doing something about this.  And they know that.  They know that better than anybody up there with a pen.

If we don’t close these loopholes, there is no amount of money or personnel in the world to address the crisis.  Very serious crisis.  Been going on so long.  This isn’t Trump administration.  You look back at 2014, during the Obama administration, they have pictures that were so bad.  They had a judge that said it was inhumane the way they were treating children.

Take a look at some of the court rulings against the Obama administration.  They talked about inhumane treatment.  I read them; I looked at them.  They’re all over the place.  Inhumane treatment.  They were treating them terribly.  We have a situation where some of these places, they’re really running them well.  And I give a lot of credit to Secretary Nielsen and all of the people that have worked this.  It’s the nicest that people have seen.  But it’s still something that shouldn’t be taking place.

My wife, our First Lady, is down now at the border because it really bothered her to be looking at this and to seeing it, as it bothered me, as it bothered everybody at this table.  We’re all bothered by it.  But we need two to tango.  We have 51 votes in the Senate.  We need 60, unfortunately, because we have the ridiculous filibuster rule.  So we need 60.

And I think I’ll get four or five or six from senators, frankly, running in states where I won by 25, 30, 40 points with Mike.  And I think we’ll get six senators, maybe we’ll get seven senators.  That still doesn’t get us to 60.  So there’s nothing you can do to get there.  And people don’t understand that.  When we have a majority in the Senate, we have a majority by one, but we need ten votes.

So we need 10 — essentially, we need 10 Democrats.  Not going to get them.  They’re told by Schumer and Pelosi, “Don’t do it because we want to see if we can pick up seats.”  They don’t care about the children.  They don’t care about the injury.  They don’t care about the problems.  They don’t care about anything.  All they do is say, “Obstruct, and let’s see how we do.”  Because they have no policies that are any good.  They’re not good politicians.  They got nothing going.  All they’re good at is obstructing.

And they generally stick together.  I respect them for that.  That’s about it.  Their policies stink.  They’re no good.  They have no ideas.  They have no nothing — the Democrats.  All they can do is obstruct, and stay together, and vote against, and make it impossible to take care of children and families and to take care of immigration.

We should be able to make an immigration bill that can really solve the problem, not just — this is one aspect of it.  This is one very important but small aspect of it.  We should be able to do a bill.  I’d invite them to come over to the White House anytime they want.  This afternoon would be good.  After the Cabinet meeting would be good.  They are invited, officially.  I’ll let you do the inviting.  Let the press do the inviting.

But we have to do something about immigration in this country.  For 50 years, and long before that, it was a disaster.  But over the last 20, 25 years, it’s gotten worse.  Every time they write a rule or regulation, it makes it worse, not better.  We can solve this problem.

We have to hire thousands of judges.  No country in the world is hiring judges like that.  They hire border people that — you can’t come into the country.  Mexico, by the way, is doing nothing for us.  Nothing.  They have the strongest immigration laws.  They can do whatever they want.  They can keep people out of Mexico.  You have a 2,000-mile journey up Mexico.  They walk through Mexico like it’s walking through Central Park.  It’s ridiculous.  Mexico does nothing for us.

So then when people say, “Why are you being so tough with NAFTA?”  And I am being tough because we — it’s a terrible deal for the United States.  Mexico is making $100 billion a year off us and the horrible NAFTA deal.  And I am being tough.  One of the reasons I’m being tough is because they do nothing for us at the border.  They encourage people, frankly, to walk through Mexico and go into the United States because they’re drug traffickers, they’re human traffickers, they’re coyotes.  I mean, we’re getting some real beauties.

Mexico is doing nothing for us except taking our money and sending us drugs.  They’re doing nothing.  They could solve this problem in two minutes; you wouldn’t even have to do anything.  But they don’t do it.  They talk a good game, but they don’t do it.  So we’ll see how that all comes out.  It’ll be very interesting to see.

So with that, I’ll end by saying we had a tremendous success in North Korea.  We continue to work on that.  Mike Pompeo has been fantastic.  John Bolton, working together with Mike, has been fantastic.  I don’t even know where — there he is.  I thought he might have gone back to North Korea.  (Laughter.)  He spent so much time in North Korea.  Surprised to see you here.

But I think I can speak for both of us in saying it’s been an incredible experience.  The relationship is very good.  They’ve stopped the sending of missiles, including ballistic missiles.  They’re destroying their engine site.  They’re blowing it up.  They’ve already blown up one of their big test sites.  In fact, it was actually four of their big test sites.  And the big thing is, it will be a total denuclearization, which is already starting taking place.

And I understand, Mike, that they’ve already sent back, or are in the process of sending back, the remains of our great heroes who died in North Korea during the war.  And that’s already in the process of coming back.

Plus, as you all know very well, we got back our hostages — our three hostages, who are right now living very happily with their families, and we’re very happy about that.  So we’ve made tremendous progress with respect to North Korea, even since I last spoke to you.  What we agreed to do is have a meeting.  I know that some of the media says, “Oh, they agreed to meet.”  Well, yeah, anybody would have agreed to meet, and it would not have been possible for past administrations to have met in the way that we’ve met.  This was an incredible, important meeting.

All over Asia, they’re in love with the United States because of what we’ve done.  And Japan, I spoke to Prime Minister Abe, and he was so thrilled.  He doesn’t have rockets going over Japan.  That makes him very happy, General.  You know that, right?  He’s very thrilled not to see rockets going over Japan.  There were plenty of them sent right over Japan, and he said, I want to thank you because what you’ve done is incredible.  There are no more rockets going, and there’s no thought of it.

Now, things can change.  I said it last night at a speech.  Things can change.  Personalities can change.  Maybe you end up with conflict, maybe you don’t.  But the relationship that Mike has and I have with Chairman Kim and his group is a very good one, very strong one.  And I think it’s going to lead to tremendous success.

But the document we signed, if people actually read it to the public, you’d see: Number one statement, we will immediately begin total denuclearization of North Korea.  Nobody thought that would be possible.

If you remember, a year and a half ago when Mike and I came into office and when this group came into office, everybody was talking about there’s going to be a war — going to be a war with North Korea.  During the Obama years, that’s all I heard about: War with North Korea.  You have 28 million people, 30 miles away from the border where they have thousands of massive — they call them “cannons.”  And that’s what they are.  They’re bigger than howitzers.  And they’re all aimed at Seoul.  Seoul has 28 million people.  And it would be not a catastrophe of 100,000 people or 200,000, like I’d read from you.  This was a — this could have been a catastrophe of 30-, 40-, 50 million people.  And I think we’re very close to having that situation solved.  We’ve had some very good news, even over the last couple of days.  They want to get it done.  We want to get it done.  And we’re moving quickly.

So North Korea has been an incredible experience for me, and I — we’re going to help them also get back on track.  We think that it has tremendous potential.  Chairman Kim thinks it has tremendous potential.  I want to also thank, as you know, Prime Minister Abe.  I want to thank President Moon from South Korea.  He’s been terrific.  He’s been really moving it along and pushing as hard as they can.  But without the United States, it had no chance whatsoever.  I also wanted to thank President Xi of China because the border was very strong during a very critical period.  Unfortunately, the border is getting a little bit weaker now, but that’s okay.  That’s okay.  But we have to get him to keep it tough.  But I do want to thank President Xi of China.

So with all of that, we’re having tremendous numbers, tremendous economic success.  I think we’re having the most successful period of time, economically, perhaps in our country’s history.  GDP numbers have been great, but the ones that are coming out, I’m really looking forward to seeing them.  I think you’re going to see numbers — I just see the activity, I see the business.  Yesterday and last evening was really — that was an incredible evening that we spent.  That was, to me, just an incredible evening.  A lot of you were there.  I see a lot of the faces.  A lot of you were there.  At least 15,000 people couldn’t get into the arena.  And the arena was big.  It held 9,000 people.  But sadly, 15,000 people couldn’t get into the arena.  But it was a very special evening, and people had a good time.  But they also heard a lot.

So I want to thank everybody very much.  Mick Mulvaney is going to be giving a little report.  You can do it in front of the media.  Would the media like to hear Mick Mulvaney’s report, or would you find it extraordinarily boring and therefore not fit for camera?  I don’t know.

Q    Yes, please.

THE PRESIDENT:  Would you like to hear it?

Q    Yes, please.

THE PRESIDENT:  No, and it will be good.  And why don’t we do this?  We’ll say grace afterwards, Mike.  And we’ll do Mick, and then we’ll say grace.  We don’t necessarily have to do that in front of the cameras.  Okay?

All right, Mick.  Go ahead, please.

DIRECTOR MULVANEY:  I’m going to try really hard to make this not boring, Mr. President.

THE PRESIDENT:  Good.

DIRECTOR MULVANEY:  Mr. President, a lot of folks around this table have worked a long time, almost since you took over, to show you what’s — to get you where you are today at this meeting.  I call this the “drain the swamp Cabinet meeting.”  I know we talked about that during that campaign.  You’ve talked about it since you’ve been here.  Today is where we’re introducing the actual actions that follow up on those words to show people what we meant when we said drain the swamp.  Later on, after the press leaves, we’ll hear from Andrew Bremberg, Administrator McMahon, and, I think, Mr. Hargan on the executive order dealing with civil service reform.  And what I’m going to talk about is the government reorganization very, very briefly.

When we got into this, one of the things we learned was that it’s been almost 100 years since anybody really reorganized the government at this type of scale.  It’s been since FDR and his New Deal, where he changed the way the government worked.  And we haven’t changed it very much since then, which means we’re almost 20 percent into the 21st century, but we’re still dealing a government that is from the early 20th century.

This leads, Mr. President, to some bizarre results.  In fact, the stories — you don’t know where to start.  Right now, because of the byzantine nature of the way that we regulate in this country, if you have a cheese pizza — you make a cheese pizza — that is governed by the United States Department of Agriculture.  No, it’s the other way around.  I always get these backwards.  If you make a cheese pizza, it’s governed by the Food and Drug Administration.  If you put a pepperoni on it, that’s governed by the USDA.  If you have a chicken, it’s governed by the USDA.  If that chicken lays an egg, it’s governed by the FDA.  But if you break the egg and make it into an omelet, that is now covered again by the USDA.

If you have open-face roast beef sandwich, that’s one or the other.  But you put the bread on top of it, it’s the other one.  A hotdog — the hotdog meat is governed by one.  You put it in a bun, it’s governed by another.  One of my favorites: If you have a saltwater fish — you have a salmon, and it’s in the ocean, it’s governed by the Department of Commerce.  Once it swims up river, it’s governed by the Department of Interior.  And to get there, it has to go up a fish ladder governed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.  This is stupid.  (Laughter.)  This is just — this makes no sense.

THE PRESIDENT:  And by the way, that was incredibly said.  Okay?  (Laughter.)  I think you should put that on television, not what I said.  (Laughter.)  That was very — that was very good.

DIRECTOR MULVANEY:  (Inaudible) dealing with the small businesses.  A long time ago, when I was 15 years old, I worked in a freezer for a guy that made frozen pizzas.  Right?  Put yourself in that guy’s business.  And one day he’s making cheese pizzas, and in the afternoon, he’s going to make pepperoni.  He’s got an entirely different federal agency to deal with, an entirely different process.  It’s not — it doesn’t — it just simply doesn’t make sense.  So we’re going to try and fix it.

I want to go through a couple of examples today.  I’m going to ask Scott to sort of step aside — to go over just one or two — a couple of them have made the press.  We talked about this later about the Department of Education and the Department of Labor being merged.  We think that makes tremendous sense because what are they both doing?  They’re doing the same thing.  They’re trying to get people ready for the workforce.  Sometimes that’s education, sometimes it’s vocational training.  But we’re all doing the same thing, so why not put them in the same place?

This goes back to the work that, I think, Ivanka did very early on on job training when we learned that we had — and in fact, we don’t even know how many job training programs we have.  Some people think it’s 40, some people think it’s 46, some people think it’s 47.  We get it down to 16, and we put it all in one place.  So that if you’re not happy or the next President is not happy of the way it’s going, you don’t have — right now, 16 different people around this table have workforce training programs in their agencies.  If something is going wrong, you’re going to come to me and say, “Mick, why aren’t you doing it right?”  I’m going to say, “No, no, no.  That’s Scott Pruitt’s fault.  That’s Betsy DeVos’ fault.”  When everybody is in charge, nobody is in charge.  And we’re solving that putting Ed and Labor together, and making them responsible and them accountable.

The other two things I want to talk about — two of my favorites, examples of how we think we can improve things.  Everybody, Democrats, Republicans, local government, state government, you, me — from the private sector, I have horror stories about the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.  They perform some absolutely critical functions, Mr. President, there is no doubt about it.

But over the course of the last century, their role has continued to creep, and creep, and creep.  And we can do better.  So the proposal today, you’ll see, made some important changes to the Army Corps of Engineers.  The thing that is — stuff that is really defense — and there is, there’s still things that Army Corps does, in its defense — they stay there.  And they should.  The things that the Army Corps does that actually help defend the nation will stay where they belong, we just add the Department of Defense.

But when dealing with environment — and a lot of what they do deals with the environment.  They deal with environmental mitigation, and so forth.  That goes over to the Department of the Interior because you all are really good at that.  Similarly, ports — deep-water ports, our lock system — that’s not — it used to be a military thing a hundred years ago.  Now, it’s Elaine Chao, Department of Transportation, because it’s a transportation item.

We think it’s a much more efficient layout and it ties in — we’ll let you talk about how that the streamlined on our permitting process.  It goes along with what Mr. Zinke is doing at the DOI to try to centralize so there’s one point of contact.  You want to get a permit; you’ll go to one federal agency.  This is going to help that.

Down here, we talked a little bit about that one food safety thing.  Right now it’s at FDA, USDA, a couple of these places.  We move all that into the USDA.  Why?  Because they’re really good at it.

It’s not to say the FDA isn’t, but wouldn’t it be nice to have one place where people can go to, to get answers, to get results, to get permits, and to deal with regulatory affairs?  At the same time, in all fairness, and Secretary Purdue would tell you this, there’s things that USDA doesn’t do as well as other agencies.  So that’s why Housing — and they have a big housing component — why wouldn’t that be better off at Housing and Urban Development?  So we proposed to move that to HUD.

Similarly, for years they’ve handled the food stamp — the SNAP program.  That makes absolutely no sense at all.  HHS is uniquely set up to handle that.  So we’ve moved that and some other means-tested welfare programs over into HHS and to have the — to have it centralized so that we can deal with it.

No one has ever tried it at this scale, Mr. President.  President Clinton tried it a little bit.  A couple other Presidents have tried it but no one has ever done it at this scale.  And importantly, no one has ever followed through on it.  No one has ever given a time commitment that these people around the table have given for the last year and a half and no one has ever come up with really big ideas like this.  The stuff that President Clinton came up with are peanuts compared to this.

And every time somebody comes to me and says, “Well, that’s okay, this is never going to happen.  Yeah, this is great ideas, Mulvaney, but this doesn’t have a chance.”  A couple different things to that.

One of the biggest ideas the Department of Education and Labor merger actually doesn’t get involved in jurisdictional battles on the Hill.  One committee on the Hill handles those things now.  Congress is actually ahead of us on this, which is really difficult to say.

So there’s a chance that we actually can get that done.  But even if we don’t get it done now, this is the generational kind of stuff that I think you asked us to do when you came to office.

When Ronald Reagan said that government wasn’t the solution, it was the problem, it took 15 years after that for Bill Clinton to go on TV and say the age of big government is dead.  This is a generational thing.  Is this going to happen overnight?  No.  Some of it can because some of this stuff we can do by ourselves on a regularity fashion through the administrative process.  Other stuff is going to take longer.  But this is the stuff that’s worth fighting for and it won’t get done unless somebody does — takes those first steps, which is what we’re doing today.

So thanks for — thanks for not only for giving us the time to do this but the encouragement to do this because it really helped to go back and say, “Look, push harder.  Push harder.  This is important to the President.”  This is what he talked about when he said, “drain the swamp.”   And this is where we can show people that voted for you and even the people that didn’t vote for you that you care about good government and that we’re going to make things a lot better.

So anyway, that’s all I got.

THE PRESIDENT:  That was a great job, Mick.  I thank you very much.  And I think — really terrific, actually.  I want you to write down that one little anecdote (inaudible).  All right?  (Laughter.)  Because I think they should give it a big report.

I’d like to ask Secretary of State — who has been incredible, by the way — Mike Pompeo, to give us a little additional update on North Korea.  So important.

SECRETARY POMPEO:  Well, two things, Mr. President.  Since June 12th — now, a week and day — we’ve made significant progress.  Importantly, not only are allies the most directly affected — the South Korean, the Japanese, the Chinese — but a broader circle in that I’ve talked with — the Brits, the Australians, I’ve talked with other Europeans — each of them understands that we have fundamentally set a course that has the opportunity to change humanity.  And they’re all onboard.  They’re all working.  They’re all supportive of our theory of continuing the sanctions until we’re complete.  And so we have got a unified world to join Chairman Kim.

I was there.  I was there when he said it.  He made a personal commitment.  He has his reputation on the line in the same way that we do, that says we’re going to create a brighter future for North Korea.  We’re going to denuclearize just as quickly as we can achieve that.

And so I’m working hard, Mr. President.  Though I’m sure there will be bumps along the way.  But I’m confident that we can get the world to unite behind this incredibly important mission.

THE PRESIDENT:  You’re doing a hell of a job.  I’ll tell you what, he’s — he’s been in a lot of — he’s logged a lot of hours in airplanes going over.  It’s a 22, 23-hour flight.  And it’s been — it’s been a lot of time — and you really worked good, and we’re very proud you.

SECRETARY POMPEO:  Thank you, sir.

THE PRESIDENT:  Thank you very much, Mike.

Thank you all very much.  Appreciate it.  How are you?

Q    Thank you, Mr. — I’m great.  Thank you, Mr. President.  I appreciate you very much.  Thank you for saying so.  Could I ask you about your message to the immigration — and the bills that they’re looking at on the Hill?  What’s your message to lawmakers?

THE PRESIDENT:  They got to get together and do something.  Honestly, they have to get together.  The question is: What’s my message to lawmakers, having to do with immigration?  They’ve got to get together and do something.  This has been going on for decades.  And they have to sit down — I’ll be — certainly, I’m willing to do it.  I just told you, I’ll invite Senator Schumer and Nancy Pelosi.  They can come over.  They can bring whoever they want.  But the lawmakers have to sit down and they have to do something because our country cannot continue to run like this.

We can’t have open borders.  You have to have borders.  You don’t have a country without borders.  They have to be enforced.  It has to be a strict enforcement.  At the same time, we want people to come into our country.  We need them.  We have many companies, right now, moving back into the United States.  They need workers.  We have 3.8 percent unemployment.  They need workers.  We have to have them come in.

You know, I’m saying, I want people to come in.  They have to come in through a merit system.  But we can have a lot of people come into our country through the merit system so they can help these companies that are looking so hard for people to make the company work.

But the — in a very, very simple way, Congress has to get together, get their act together.  Democrats and Republicans.  They have to come up with a solution.  I have ideas, they have ideas.  We can put them together very easily.

There’s so much hatred.  There’s so much — I mean, honestly, I’m not saying this — I mean, there’s a lot of false reporting, a lot of misreporting.  There’s also a lot of great reporting.  But Congress has to come together and this is the best time to do it.

Right now, I think is the best time I’ve seen for people that really are well-meaning.  Now, unfortunately, we have an election coming up in a few months and, you know, I guess they’re looking at it and we’re looking at it and maybe we have to just sort of put on the blinders when it comes to doing that.

But Congress has to get together and we have to do something on immigration.  It’s very important.  We have to change almost everything that’s been done in the past.  It’s ridiculous.  We are being laughed at as a country because of our bad immigration policies.  And you know, we’re a young administration.  This has been going on for 50 years, 60 years, 70 years.  But it’s gotten worse over the last 20 because laws have been so complex and so ridiculous.

We really don’t have a law.  We have laws that don’t allow you to do what you’re supposed to be doing.  And we also want to keep it in a very humane way.  We want to take care of people.  If we don’t take them in, we have to help.  And we also need help from Mexico.  Mexico has not helped us, and we need help from Mexico.  So that’s a long answer, but I also appreciate the great job you’ve done.

Q    Thank you very much, Mr. President.

Q    What about the kids who were already separated?

THE PRESIDENT:  Yes?

Q    What about the kids who are already separated from their parents?

THE PRESIDENT:  Say it.  I can’t hear you.

Q    The kids who are already separated from their parents.

THE PRESIDENT:  Well, we want to put them together.  We don’t want to have people — we don’t want to have children separated from their parents.

You have to understand, you gave an example yesterday of 12,000 children.  Of the 12,000, 10,000 came up either alone — they weren’t necessarily young children, but either alone or they came up with traffickers and coyotes.  And these coyotes are bad dudes.  But they came up with other people, brought them up.  And they used them.  They’re using these children.  That’s 10,000 out of the 12.  Of the 2,000, a lot of the people, well, they came in with their children.  This is their third, fourth, fifth time trying to come into our country.

So this is not a perfect situation, this is a very bad — now, port of entry — if you go to a port of entry, it works out very nicely.  They’ve been doing a very good job.  But they don’t want to come in through the port of entry.  That’s called “doing it the legal way.”  But many of the people in the 2,000 category, you’re talking about 2,000 children, those are people that have tried to come into our country many times, the same way.  They don’t want to go into the port of entry.  Usually, that’s for a very bad reason.  Why don’t they want to go in legally?  So you have to ask yourself that question.

So you have a situation that is ripe for Congress to get together and come up with a solution.  And I am ready, willing, and able to help.  And ready, willing, and able to take this pen right here and sign very quickly.

Q    Zero tolerance still exists, though?  Or are you suspending zero tolerance?

THE PRESIDENT:  If you took zero tolerance away, you would be overrun as a country.  You’d have millions of people pouring through our border.  If you took zero tolerance away, everybody would come, right now.  They’d be getting their little belongings, unfortunately, and they would be heading up.  You would be — you would have a run on this country the likes of which nobody’s ever seen.

So we have to have strong borders.  Frankly, the wall, in terms of drugs, in terms of keeping certain people out that we don’t want in this county, the wall is imperative.  We have to have the wall.  We started the wall.  We have $1.6 billion.  We’re fixing tremendous amounts of wall where it’s been overrun.  But we have to come up with a solution.

I would consider it, whether it’s North Korea, whether it’s so many other things.  We have a lot of things.  Look, I’ve been given a very tough hand.  Because I came up here, we had an economy that was going down.  We had an Iran problem.  We had a Middle East problem.  Take a look at what was going on in the Middle East.  It’s a lot better now.  You’re a lot smoother right now than anything you heard over the last eight years.

But we were given a lot of bad cards.  One of the bad cards, we were given this immigration mess.  And it was made worse by all of the different contradicting and the contradicting laws that have been passed.

So we’re going to work very hard with Mike Pence and with everybody else in this room.  We’re going to work very hard to see if we can solve the immigration problem.

But we need Democrats to be able to do it.  If they’re going to obstruct, it can’t be done because the Republicans don’t have the votes.

Now, I think we’re going to win additional Senate seats.  That will help us a lot.  But unless we get additional Senate seats, and unless we keep the House more or less like it is right now, you’re not going to be able — unless the Democrats are serious and they want to come along and they want to get immigration work done.

We can do something that’s going to be historic.  We can do something that will be historic and we can get it done.  I am ready.  I’m here.  All of these people — these are very talented people — we’re all ready.  We’re all here.  We need votes from the Democrats or nothing can pass.

President Trump Takes Hard Stance On Human Rights & Withdraws The United States From The UN Human Rights Council Stating Reforms Needed

President Donald J. Trump is Standing Up for Human Rights at the U.N.


Issued on: June 21, 2018

"The United Nations must reform if it is to be an effective partner in confronting threats to sovereignty, security, and prosperity."

President Donald J. Trump

ENDING THE HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL FARCE: President Donald J. Trump and his Administration have taken a stand for human rights and withdrawn from the United Nations’ Human Rights Council (HRC).

The Trump Administration has announced the United States’ withdrawal, effective immediately.
The President’s decision comes following a year of tireless commitment to reform at the United Nations.

The Administration believes that withdrawal from the HRC will cast a spotlight on the urgent need for structural reform.

FAILING TO FULFILL ITS PURPOSE: The HRC has failed to live up to its purpose, serving as a shield for human rights violators and a megaphone for unfair bias against Israel.

Countries with poor human rights records are routinely elected to the HRC, and use it to shield themselves from criticism and impede efforts to address their terrible records.

The HRC includes elected members such as Venezuela, Cuba, Burundi, China, and the Democratic Republic of Congo—countries that have been called out for their continual human rights violations and abuses.

The Trump Administration has been clear about the Council’s persistent, unfair bias against Israel.
The HRC has passed more resolutions condemning Israel than it has condemning Syria, Iran, and North Korea combined.

A CALL FOR REFORM: The Trump Administration continues to call on the HRC and the broader United Nations for reform.

During his landmark speech before the United Nations General Assembly in September, the President called for reform of both the HRC and the United Nations generally.

The Trump Administration will continue its pursuit of HRC reform in New York and Geneva.
The United States would like nothing more than to see the HRC become the defender of human rights it was intended to be.

The Administration is willing to work with all partners to make reform a reality.

Over the past year, this Administration has taken several steps to advance the cause of reform at the United Nations:

During last year’s General Assembly, the United States co-hosted a reform event with British and Dutch Foreign Ministers attended by more than 40 countries;

American senior diplomats have held well over 100 consultations with delegations in New York and Geneva;

The Trump Administration circulated a draft reform resolution at the United Nations; and

Even simple efficiency proposals aimed at dealing with the Council’s budget crisis have failed to win sufficient support.

If meaningful reforms are undertaken that address our longstanding concerns with the HRC, the United States would welcome the opportunity to re-engage.

Wednesday, June 20, 2018

President Donald J. Trump is Acting to Enforce the Law, While Keeping Families Together (Executive Order Signed)

President Donald J. Trump is Acting to Enforce the Law, While Keeping Families Together

Issued on: June 20, 2018

"It’s about keeping families together, while at the same time, being sure that we have a very powerful, very strong border."



SECURING THE BORDER, KEEPING FAMILIES TOGETHER: President Donald J. Trump is using his existing executive authority to address family separation of illegal alien border-crossers.

President Trump is committed to protecting our Nation’s borders during a historic influx of illegal alien border crossers, while taking action under current legal constraints to prevent the separation of illegal alien families.

President Trump has signed an Executive Order that allows the Administration to continue to protect the border with our zero-tolerance policy, while also avoiding the separation of illegal alien families, to the extent he can legally do so.

Attorney General Jeff Sessions will seek an immediate modification of the Flores settlement agreement, which prevents Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) from detaining families together for more than 20 days.

Under the current settlement agreement, the government cannot hold illegal alien families together past 20 days, meaning a child must be separated from his or her parent if the parent remains in custody.

Half a million illegal immigrants’ families and minors from Central America have been released into the United States since 2014 as a result of catch-and-release loopholes.

The President is also ordering the prioritization of immigration cases involving families and ordering his Administration to expand our family detention capacity.

REFUSING TO DO THEIR JOB: Congressional Democrats have chosen to play politics with a humanitarian and national security crisis.

Current loopholes in Federal law prevent detention and removal as a family unit—leading to separations and mass catch-and-release.

Despite the clear need for legislative action, Congressional Democrats have refused to come to the table and work with the President in good faith to address the issue of family separation.

Instead, they are intent on furthering their agenda of open borders and trying to release all illegal alien families and minors who show up at the border.

Yesterday, Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer (D-NY) refused to do his job, saying “legislation is not the way to go here.”

Instead of acting, Congressional Democrats have blocked any effort to detain and remove families together; incentivizing even more illegal immigration.

CONGRESS MUST ACT: Lawmakers must still pass legislation to secure our border and to finally and fully allow family and minor detention and prompt removal.

The President has taken action to address the immediate issue by detaining families together for as long as he can legally do so under Flores, and now expects Congress to work quickly to address permanently the crisis at our border.

The United States cannot have a border that is open to illegal aliens.

The President supports the strong bill House Leadership has proposed to fix our dysfunctional immigration system, including the problems that arise from the Flores settlement agreement.

Since last October, the President has pushed Congress to close the loopholes that limit detention of families together to mere weeks but require years to effectuate a removal.

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EXECUTIVE ORDER
Affording Congress an Opportunity to Address Family Separation

Issued on: June 20, 2018


By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), 8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq., it is hereby ordered as follows:

Section 1.  Policy.  It is the policy of this Administration to rigorously enforce our immigration laws.  Under our laws, the only legal way for an alien to enter this country is at a designated port of entry at an appropriate time.  When an alien enters or attempts to enter the country anywhere else, that alien has committed at least the crime of improper entry and is subject to a fine or imprisonment under section 1325(a) of title 8, United States Code.  This Administration will initiate proceedings to enforce this and other criminal provisions of the INA until and unless Congress directs otherwise.  It is also the policy of this Administration to maintain family unity, including by detaining alien families together where appropriate and consistent with law and available resources.  It is unfortunate that Congress’s failure to act and court orders have put the Administration in the position of separating alien families to effectively enforce the law.

Sec. 2.  Definitions.  For purposes of this order, the following definitions apply:

(a)  “Alien family” means

(i)  any person not a citizen or national of the United States who has not been admitted into, or is not authorized to enter or remain in, the United States, who entered this country with an alien child or alien children at or between designated ports of entry and who was detained; and

(ii)  that person’s alien child or alien children.

(b)  “Alien child” means any person not a citizen or national of the United States who

(i)    has not been admitted into, or is not authorized to enter or remain in, the United States;

(ii)   is under the age of 18; and

(iii)  has a legal parent-child relationship to an alien who entered the United States with the alien child at or between designated ports of entry and who was detained.

 Sec. 3.  Temporary Detention Policy for Families Entering this Country Illegally.  (a)  The Secretary of Homeland Security (Secretary), shall, to the extent permitted by law and subject to the availability of appropriations, maintain custody of alien families during the pendency of any criminal improper entry or immigration proceedings involving their members.

(b)  The Secretary shall not, however, detain an alien family together when there is a concern that detention of an alien child with the child’s alien parent would pose a risk to the child’s welfare.

(c)  The Secretary of Defense shall take all legally available measures to provide to the Secretary, upon request, any existing facilities available for the housing and care of alien families, and shall construct such facilities if necessary and consistent with law.  The Secretary, to the extent permitted by law, shall be responsible for reimbursement for the use of these facilities.

(d)  Heads of executive departments and agencies shall, to the extent consistent with law, make available to the Secretary, for the housing and care of alien families pending court proceedings for improper entry, any facilities that are appropriate for such purposes.  The Secretary, to the extent permitted by law, shall be responsible for reimbursement for the use of these facilities.

(e)  The Attorney General shall promptly file a request with the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California to modify the Settlement Agreement in Flores v. Sessions, CV 85-4544 (“Flores settlement”), in a manner that would permit the Secretary, under present resource constraints, to detain alien families together throughout the pendency of criminal proceedings for improper entry or any removal or other immigration proceedings.

Sec. 4.  Prioritization of Immigration Proceedings Involving Alien Families.  The Attorney General shall, to the extent practicable, prioritize the adjudication of cases involving detained families.

Sec. 5.  General Provisions.  (a)  Nothing in this order shall be construed to impair or otherwise affect:

(i)   the authority granted by law to an executive department or agency, or the head thereof; or

(ii)  the functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget relating to budgetary, administrative, or legislative proposals.

(b)  This order shall be implemented in a manner consistent with applicable law and subject to the availability of appropriations.

(c)  This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.

DONALD J. TRUMP

THE WHITE HOUSE,

June 20, 2018.

Congress Needs To Act Immediately on the Border Crisis (Editorial)

"Congress has it within its power to make it possible to hold families together and — if they don’t have legitimate asylum claims — swiftly return them home together. It should act, and act quickly."

Congress Should Act on the Border
Editorial
National Review
June 19, 2018



But the adults will often claim asylum. The administration wants to hold as many of the migrants as possible while their claims are adjudicated, because if they are released they are likely to abscond. Under a more rational system, the parents and the children could be held together. But the long-standing Flores consent decree, recently expanded by the courts, makes it impossible to hold minors for more than about 20 days. This means that if we want to keep families together the only option is to release them together — creating an incentive for more migrants to make the dangerous journey to the border, to get released into the interior in their turn.



But most critics don’t grapple with the fact that the administration literally doesn’t have the option of holding parents and kids together for more than a few weeks, which isn’t long enough to resolve an asylum claim.

Congress needs to address all this.



The House is about to consider DACA legislation but should break out a border package focused on these measures, and Ted Cruz is proposing a similar bill in the Senate. One would hope it would have a good chance of passage in the slipstream of outrage over the last week; if Democrats won’t support it, it will be a telling statement that they oppose enforcing our immigration laws as much as separating families.

The only way that the ongoing influx at the border will stop is if migrants realize that they won’t make it into the United States. Congress has it within its power to make it possible to hold families together and — if they don’t have legitimate asylum claims — swiftly return them home together. It should act, and act quickly.

Full National Review editorial here...


Keeping America Safe: Addressing the Threat of Near-Earth Object Impacts

Keeping America Safe: Addressing the Threat of Near-Earth Object Impacts


When President Donald J. Trump signed an Executive Order to revive the National Space Council last June, he signaled to the world that this Administration is committed to remaining the global leader in outer space. Every day, scientists at NASA and across the Federal Government are working to advance and extend human exploration of the cosmos—by returning to the Moon and traveling beyond—while also keeping humans on Earth safe from asteroids and comets that might intersect Earth’s orbit.


While astronomers find these near-Earth objects with some regularity, the probability of colliding with one large enough to cause devastation in this century is extremely low. The United States has for years been proactively preparing for the possibility of this threat, developing telescopes and other technologies to find potentially hazardous asteroids and comets. Today, the Trump Administration released a National plan for reducing the risk of near-Earth object impacts. This follows the Administration’s 2018 National Strategy for Space, which recognizes the threat and calls for mitigation efforts.


The National Near-Earth Object Preparedness Strategy and Action Plan identifies a path to increased National preparedness across five strategic goals:


Characterize the threat

Telescopes and other instruments can detect and track potential threats, and provide information about their size and makeup. Capability enhancements will make detection more reliable. For larger asteroids, early detection and characterization means more time and more options for preparedness and prevention.

Advance our ability to predict consequences and mitigation outcomes

In the unlikely event of an emergency, decision makers and emergency planners will need to know how likely the impact is, when and where the object will strike, what effects to expect on the ground, and whether prevention is possible. Answering these questions requires scientific understanding and predictive tools that are reliable in high-risk and time-sensitive situations. The Administration is working to enhance and improve the Nation’s predictive capabilities.


Develop means to prevent asteroid impacts

It is possible to send unmanned spacecraft to prevent an asteroid impact. There are two basic methods to consider. A deflection mission would nudge the object off an Earth-bound direction, while a disruption mission would fragment it into smaller pieces that will miss the Earth or burn up harmlessly in the atmosphere. We are taking steps consistent with all U.S. treaty obligations and international commitments, to be prepared to take action if the need arises.


Work with international partners

International cooperation is the best way to address the threat of possible impacts. Capabilities for characterizing and mitigating the threat—such as telescopes and space launch facilities—are spread across the globe. The United States is playing a leading role in international efforts to meet this challenge.


Strengthen and exercise emergency procedures and protocols

In the unlikely event that a threat is identified, we are implementing procedures are in place to transmit the right information to government officials, the public, and international partners, and to take steps to reduce adverse consequences and help those in harm’s way.


The Trump Administration’s plan leverages existing policies and capabilities and, where necessary, identifies focused actions to support emergency preparedness and scientific missions. Implementing this plan will significantly improve America’s capacity and readiness to warn against, prepare for, and prevent damaging asteroid impacts. Scientists and engineers at NASA and across the country are working every day to advance scientific and technological understanding that will keep Americans safe for decades to come.


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Space Policy Directive-3, National Space Traffic Management Policy


MEMORANDUM FOR THE VICE PRESIDENT

THE SECRETARY OF STATE

THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE

THE SECRETARY OF COMMERCE

THE SECRETARY OF TRANSPORTATION

THE SECRETARY OF HOMELAND SECURITY

THE DIRECTOR OF NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE

THE DIRECTOR OF THE OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET

THE ASSISTANT TO THE PRESIDENT FOR NATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS

THE ADMINISTRATOR OF THE NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

THE DIRECTOR OF THE OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY

THE DEPUTY ASSISTANT TO THE PRESIDENT FOR HOMELAND SECURITY AND COUNTERTERRORISM

THE CHAIRMAN OF THE JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF

SUBJECT:        National Space Traffic Management Policy

Section 1.  Policy.  For decades, the United States has effectively reaped the benefits of operating in space to enhance our national security, civil, and commercial sectors.  Our society now depends on space technologies and space-based capabilities for communications, navigation, weather forecasting, and much more.  Given the significance of space activities, the United States considers the continued unfettered access to and freedom to operate in space of vital interest to advance the security, economic prosperity, and scientific knowledge of the Nation.

Today, space is becoming increasingly congested and contested, and that trend presents challenges for the safety, stability, and sustainability of U.S. space operations.  Already, the Department of Defense (DoD) tracks over 20,000 objects in space, and that number will increase dramatically as new, more capable sensors come online and are able to detect smaller objects.  DoD publishes a catalog of space objects and makes notifications of potential conjunctions (that is, two or more objects coming together at the same or nearly the same point in time and space).  As the number of space objects increases, however, this limited traffic management activity and architecture will become inadequate.  At the same time, the contested nature of space is increasing the demand for DoD focus on protecting and defending U.S. space assets and interests.

The future space operating environment will also be shaped by a significant increase in the volume and diversity of commercial activity in space.  Emerging commercial ventures such as satellite servicing, debris removal, in-space manufacturing, and tourism, as well as new technologies enabling small satellites and very large constellations of satellites, are increasingly outpacing efforts to develop and implement government policies and processes to address these new activities.

To maintain U.S. leadership in space, we must develop a new approach to space traffic management (STM) that addresses current and future operational risks.  This new approach must set priorities for space situational awareness (SSA) and STM innovation in science and technology (S&T), incorporate national security considerations, encourage growth of the U.S. commercial space sector, establish an updated STM architecture, and promote space safety standards and best practices across the international community.

The United States recognizes that spaceflight safety is a global challenge and will continue to encourage safe and responsible behavior in space while emphasizing the need for international transparency and STM data sharing.  Through this national policy for STM and other national space strategies and policies, the United States will enhance safety and ensure continued leadership, preeminence, and freedom of action in space.

Sec. 2.  Definitions.  For the purposes of this memorandum, the following definitions shall apply:

(a)  Space Situational Awareness shall mean the knowledge and characterization of space objects and their operational environment to support safe, stable, and sustainable space activities.

(b)  Space Traffic Management shall mean the planning, coordination, and on-orbit synchronization of activities to enhance the safety, stability, and sustainability of operations in the space environment.

(c)  Orbital debris, or space debris, shall mean any human-made space object orbiting Earth that no longer serves any useful purpose.

Sec. 3.  Principles.  The United States recognizes, and encourages other nations to recognize, the following principles:

(a)  Safety, stability, and operational sustainability are foundational to space activities, including commercial, civil, and national security activities.  It is a shared interest and responsibility of all spacefaring nations to create the conditions for a safe, stable, and operationally sustainable space environment.

(b)  Timely and actionable SSA data and STM services are essential to space activities.  Consistent with national security constraints, basic U.S. Government-derived SSA data and basic STM services should be available free of direct user fees.

(c)  Orbital debris presents a growing threat to space operations.  Debris mitigation guidelines, standards, and policies should be revised periodically, enforced domestically, and adopted internationally to mitigate the operational effects of orbital debris.

(d)  A STM framework consisting of best practices, technical guidelines, safety standards, behavioral norms, pre-launch risk assessments, and on-orbit collision avoidance services is essential to preserve the space operational environment.

Sec. 4.  Goals.  Consistent with the principles listed in section 3 of this memorandum, the United States should continue to lead the world in creating the conditions for a safe, stable, and operationally sustainable space environment.  Toward this end, executive departments and agencies (agencies) shall pursue the following goals as required in section 6 of this memorandum:

(a)  Advance SSA and STM Science and Technology.  The United States should continue to engage in and enable S&T research and development to support the practical applications of SSA and STM.  These activities include improving fundamental knowledge of the space environment, such as the characterization of small debris, advancing the S&T of critical SSA inputs such as observational data, algorithms, and models necessary to improve SSA capabilities, and developing new hardware and software to support data processing and observations.

(b)  Mitigate the effect of orbital debris on space activities.  The volume and location of orbital debris are growing threats to space activities.  It is in the interest of all to minimize new debris and mitigate effects of existing debris.  This fact, along with increasing numbers of active satellites, highlights the need to update existing orbital debris mitigation guidelines and practices to enable more efficient and effective compliance, and establish standards that can be adopted internationally.  These trends also highlight the need to establish satellite safety design guidelines and best practices.

(c)  Encourage and facilitate U.S. commercial leadership in S&T, SSA, and STM.  Fostering continued growth and innovation in the U.S. commercial space sector, which includes S&T, SSA, and STM activities, is in the national interest of the United States.  To achieve this goal, the U.S. Government should streamline processes and reduce regulatory burdens that could inhibit commercial sector growth and innovation, enabling the U.S. commercial sector to continue to lead the world in STM-related technologies, goods, data, and services on the international market.

(d)  Provide U.S. Government-supported basic SSA data and basic STM services to the public.  The United States should continue to make available basic SSA data and basic STM services (including conjunction and reentry notifications) free of direct user fees while supporting new opportunities for U.S. commercial and non-profit SSA data and STM services.

(e)  Improve SSA data interoperability and enable greater SSA data sharing.  SSA data must be timely and accurate.  It is in the national interest of the United States to improve SSA data interoperability and enable greater SSA data sharing among all space operators, consistent with national security constraints.  The United States should seek to lead the world in the development of improved SSA data standards and information sharing.

(f)  Develop STM standards and best practices.  As the leader in space, the United States supports the development of operational standards and best practices to promote safe and responsible behavior in space.  A critical first step in carrying out that goal is to develop U.S.-led minimum safety standards and best practices to coordinate space traffic.  U.S. regulatory agencies should, as appropriate, adopt these standards and best practices in domestic regulatory frameworks and use them to inform and help shape international consensus practices and standards.

(g)  Prevent unintentional radio frequency (RF) interference.  Growing orbital congestion is increasing the risk to U.S. space assets from unintentional RF interference.  The United States should continue to improve policies, processes, and technologies for spectrum use (including allocations and licensing) to address these challenges and ensure appropriate spectrum use for current and future operations.

(h)  Improve the U.S. domestic space object registry. Transparency and data sharing are essential to safe, stable, and sustainable space operations.  Consistent with national security constraints, the United States should streamline the interagency process to ensure accurate and timely registration submissions to the United Nations (UN), in accordance with our international obligations under the Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space.

(i)  Develop policies and regulations for future U.S. orbital operations.  Increasing congestion in key orbits and maneuver-based missions such as servicing, survey, and assembly will drive the need for policy development for national security, civil, and commercial sector space activities.  Consistent with U.S. law and international obligations, the United States should regularly assess existing guidelines for non-government orbital activities, and maintain a timely and responsive regulatory environment for licensing these activities.

Sec. 5.  Guidelines.  In pursuit of the principles and goals of this policy, agencies should observe the following guidelines:

(a)  Managing the Integrity of the Space Operating Environment.

(i)    Improving SSA coverage and accuracy.  Timely, accurate, and actionable data are essential for effective SSA and STM.  The United States should seek to minimize deficiencies in SSA capability, particularly coverage in regions with limited sensor availability and sensitivity in detection of small debris, through SSA data sharing, the purchase of SSA data, or the provision of new sensors.

New U.S. sensors are expected to reveal a substantially greater volume of debris and improve our understanding of space object size distributions in various regions of space.  However, very small debris may not be sufficiently tracked to enable or justify actionable collision avoidance decisions.  As a result, close conjunctions and even collisions with unknown objects are possible, and satellite operators often lack sufficient insight to assess their level of risk when making maneuvering decisions.  The United States should develop better tracking capabilities, and new means to catalog such debris, and establish a quality threshold for actionable collision avoidance warning to minimize false alarms.

Through both Government and commercial sector S&T investment, the United States should advance concepts and capabilities to improve SSA in support of debris mitigation and collision avoidance decisions.

(ii)   Establishing an Open Architecture SSA Data Repository.  Accurate and timely tracking of objects orbiting Earth is essential to preserving the safety of space activities for all.  Consistent with section 2274 of title 10, United States Code, a basic level of SSA data in the form of the publicly releasable portion of the DoD catalog is and should continue to be provided free of direct user fees.  As additional sources of space tracking data become available, the United States has the opportunity to incorporate civil, commercial, international, and other available data to allow users to enhance and refine this service.  To facilitate greater data sharing with satellite operators and enable the commercial development of enhanced space safety services, the United States must develop the standards and protocols for creation of an open architecture data repository.  The essential features of this repository would include:

Data integrity measures to ensure data accuracy and availability;

Data standards to ensure sufficient quality from diverse sources;

Measures to safeguard proprietary or sensitive data, including national security information;

The inclusion of satellite owner-operator ephemerides to inform orbital location and planned maneuvers; and

Standardized formats to enable development of applications to leverage the data.

To facilitate this enhanced data sharing, and in recognition of the need for DoD to focus on maintaining access to and freedom of action in space, a civil agency should, consistent with applicable law, be responsible for the publicly releasable portion of the DoD catalog and for administering an open architecture data repository.  The Department of Commerce should be that civil agency.

(iii)  Mitigating Orbital Debris.  It is in the interest of all space operators to minimize the creation of new orbital debris.  Rapid international expansion of space operations and greater diversity of missions have rendered the current U.S. Government Orbital Debris Mitigation Standard Practices (ODMSP) inadequate to control the growth of orbital debris.  These standard practices should be updated to address current and future space operating environments.

The United States should develop a new protocol of standard practices to set broader expectations of safe space operations in the 21st century.  This protocol should begin with updated ODMSP, but also incorporate sections to address operating practices for large constellations, rendezvous and proximity operations, small satellites, and other classes of space operations.  These overarching practices will provide an avenue to promote efficient and effective space safety practices with U.S. industry and internationally.

The United States should pursue active debris removal as a necessary long-term approach to ensure the safety of flight operations in key orbital regimes.  This effort should not detract from continuing to advance international protocols for debris mitigation associated with current programs.

(b)  Operating in a Congested Space Environment.

(i)   Minimum Safety Standards and Best Practices.  The creation of minimum standards for safe operation and debris mitigation derived in part from the U.S. Government ODMSP, but incorporating other standards and best practices, will best ensure the safe operation of U.S. space activities.  These safety guidelines should consider maneuverability, tracking, reliability, and disposal.

The United States should eventually incorporate appropriate standards and best practices into Federal law and regulation through appropriate rulemaking or licensing actions.  These guidelines should encompass protocols for all stages of satellite operation from design through end-of-life.

Satellite and constellation owners should participate in a pre-launch certification process that should, at a minimum, consider the following factors:

Coordination of orbit utilization to prevent conjunctions;

Constellation owner-operators’ management of self-conjunctions;

Owner-operator notification of planned maneuvers and sharing of satellite orbital location data;

On-orbit tracking aids, including beacons or sensing enhancements, if such systems are needed;

Encryption of satellite command and control links and data protection measures for ground site operations;

Appropriate minimum reliability based on type of mission and phase of operations;

Effect on the national security or foreign policy interests of the United States, or international obligations; and

Self-disposal upon the conclusion of operational lifetime, or owner-operator provision for disposal using active debris removal methods.

(ii)  On-Orbit Collision Avoidance Support Service.  Timely warning of potential collisions is essential to preserving the safety of space activities for all.  Basic collision avoidance information services are and should continue to be provided free of direct user fees.  The imminent activation of more sensitive tracking sensors is expected to reveal a significantly greater population of the existing orbital debris background as well as provide an improved ability to track currently catalogued objects.  Current and future satellites, including large constellations of satellites, will operate in a debris environment much denser than presently tracked.  Preventing on-orbit collisions in this environment requires an information service that shares catalog data, predicts close approaches, and provides actionable warnings to satellite operators.  The service should provide data to allow operators to assess proposed maneuvers to reduce risk.  To provide on-orbit collision avoidance, the United States should:

Provide services based on a continuously updated catalog of satellite tracking data;

Utilize automated processes for collision avoidance;

Provide actionable and timely conjunction assessments; and

Provide data to operators to enable assessment of maneuver plans.

To ensure safe coordination of space traffic in this future operating environment, and in recognition of the need for DoD to focus on maintaining access to and freedom of action in space, a civil agency should be the focal point for this collision avoidance support service.  The Department of Commerce should be that civil agency.

(c)  Strategies for Space Traffic Management in a Global Context.

(i)    Protocols to Prevent Orbital Conjunctions.  As increased satellite operations make lower Earth orbits more congested, the United States should develop a set of standard techniques for mitigating the collision risk of increasingly congested orbits, particularly for large constellations.  Appropriate methods, which may include licensing assigned volumes for constellation operation and establishing processes for satellites passing through the volumes, are needed.

The United States should explore strategies that will lead to the establishment of common global best practices, including:

A common process addressing the volume of space used by a large constellation, particularly in close proximity to an existing constellation;

A common process by which individual spacecraft may transit volumes used by existing satellites or constellations; and

A set of best practices for the owner-operators of utilized volumes to minimize the long-term effects of constellation operations on the space environment (including the proper disposal of satellites, reliability standards, and effective collision avoidance).

(ii)   Radio Frequency Spectrum and Interference Protection.  Space traffic and RF spectrum use have traditionally been independently managed processes.  Increased congestion in key orbital regimes creates a need for improved and increasingly dynamic methods to coordinate activities in both the physical and spectral domains, and may introduce new interdependencies.  U.S. Government efforts in STM should address the following spectrum management considerations:

Where appropriate, verify consistency between policy and existing national and international regulations and goals regarding global access to, and operation in, the RF spectrum for space services;

Investigate the advantages of addressing spectrum in conjunction with the development of STM systems, standards, and best practices;

Promote flexible spectrum use and investigate emerging technologies for potential use by space systems; and

Ensure spectrum-dependent STM components, such as inter-satellite safety communications and active debris removal systems, can successfully access the required spectrum necessary to their missions.

(iii)  Global Engagement.  In its role as a major spacefaring nation, the United States should continue to develop and promote a range of norms of behavior, best practices, and standards for safe operations in space to minimize the space debris environment and promote data sharing and coordination of space activities.  It is essential that other spacefaring nations also adopt best practices for the common good of all spacefaring states.  The United States should encourage the adoption of new norms of behavior and best practices for space operations by the international community through bilateral and multilateral discussions with other spacefaring nations, and through U.S. participation in various organizations such as the Inter-Agency Space Debris Coordination Committee, International Standards Organization, Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems, and UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space.

Sec. 6.  Roles and Responsibilities.  In furtherance of the goals described in section 4 and the guidelines described in section 5 of this memorandum, agencies shall carry out the following roles and responsibilities:

(a)  Advance SSA and STM S&T.  Members of the National Space Council, or their delegees, shall coordinate, prioritize, and advocate for S&T, SSA, and STM, as appropriate, as it relates to their respective missions.  They should seek opportunities to engage with the commercial sector and academia in pursuit of this goal.

(b)  Mitigate the Effect of Orbital Debris on Space Activities.

(i)   The Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA Administrator), in coordination with the Secretaries of State, Defense, Commerce, and Transportation, and the Director of National Intelligence, and in consultation with the Chairman of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), shall lead efforts to update the U.S. Orbital Debris Mitigation Standard Practices and establish new guidelines for satellite design and operation, as appropriate and consistent with applicable law.

(ii)  The Secretaries of Commerce and Transportation, in consultation with the Chairman of the FCC, will assess the suitability of incorporating these updated standards and best practices into their respective licensing processes, as appropriate and consistent with applicable law.

(c)  Encourage and Facilitate U.S. Commercial Leadership in S&T, SSA, and STM.  The Secretary of Commerce, in coordination with the Secretaries of Defense and Transportation, and the NASA Administrator, shall lead efforts to encourage and facilitate continued U.S. commercial leadership in SSA, STM, and related S&T.

(d)  Provide U.S. Government-Derived Basic SSA Data and Basic STM Services to the Public.

(i)    The Secretaries of Defense and Commerce, in coordination with the Secretaries of State and Transportation, the NASA Administrator, and the Director of National Intelligence, should cooperatively develop a plan for providing basic SSA data and basic STM services either directly or through a partnership with industry or academia, consistent with the guidelines of sections 5(a)(ii) and 5(b)(ii) of this memorandum.

(ii)   The Secretary of Defense shall maintain the authoritative catalog of space objects.

(iii)  The Secretaries of Defense and Commerce shall assess whether statutory and regulatory changes are necessary to effect the plan developed under subsection (d)(i) of this section, and shall pursue such changes, along with any other needed changes, as appropriate.

     (e)  Improve SSA Data Interoperability and Enable Greater SSA Data Sharing.

(i)    The Secretary of Commerce, in coordination with the Secretaries of State, Defense, and Transportation, the NASA Administrator, and the Director of National Intelligence, shall develop standards and protocols for creation of an open architecture data repository to improve SSA data interoperability and enable greater SSA data sharing.

(ii)   The Secretary of Commerce shall develop options, either in-house or through partnerships with industry or academia, assessing both the technical and economic feasibility of establishing such a repository.

(iii)  The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that release of data regarding national security activities to any person or entity with access to the repository is consistent with national security interests.

(f)  Develop Space Traffic Standards and Best Practices.  The Secretaries of Defense, Commerce, and Transportation, in coordination with the Secretary of State, the NASA Administrator, and the Director of National Intelligence, and in consultation with the Chairman of the FCC, shall develop space traffic standards and best practices, including technical guidelines, minimum safety standards, behavioral norms, and orbital conjunction prevention protocols related to pre-launch risk assessment and on-orbit collision avoidance support services.

(g)  Prevent Unintentional Radio Frequency Interference.  The Secretaries of Commerce and Transportation, in coordination with the Secretaries of State and Defense, the NASA Administrator, and the Director of National Intelligence, and in consultation with the Chairman of the FCC, shall coordinate to mitigate the risk of harmful interference and promptly address any harmful interference that may occur.

(h)  Improve the U.S. Domestic Space Object Registry.  The Secretary of State, in coordination with the Secretaries of Defense, Commerce, and Transportation, the NASA Administrator, and the Director of National Intelligence, and in consultation with the Chairman of the FCC, shall lead U.S. Government efforts on international engagement related to international transparency and space object registry on SSA and STM issues.

(i)  Develop Policies and Regulations for Future U.S. Orbital Operations.  The Secretaries of Defense, Commerce, and Transportation, in coordination with the Secretary of State, the NASA Administrator, and the Director of National Intelligence, shall regularly evaluate emerging trends in space missions to recommend revisions, as appropriate and necessary, to existing SSA and STM policies and regulations.

Sec. 7.  General Provisions.  (a)  Nothing in this memorandum shall be construed to impair or otherwise affect:

(i)   the authority granted by law to an executive department or agency, or the head thereof; or

(ii)  the functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget relating to budgetary, administrative, or legislative proposals.

(b)  This memorandum shall be implemented consistent with applicable law and subject to the availability of appropriations.

(c)  This memorandum is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.

(d)  The Secretary of Commerce is authorized and directed to publish this memorandum in the Federal Register.


DONALD J. TRUMP